Intravenous injection of human multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring cells alleviates mouse severe acute pancreatitis without immunosuppressants

Masahiko Fukase, Naoaki Sakata, Yoshihiro Kushida, Shohei Wakao, Michiaki Unno, Mari Dezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: We examined the effect of intravenously injected human multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells, non-tumorigenic endogenous reparative stem cells already used in clinical trials, on a severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) mouse model without immunosuppressants. Methods: Human Muse cells (1.0 × 105 cells) collected from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as SSEA-3(+) were injected into a C57BL/6 mouse model via the jugular vein 6 h after SAP-induction with taurocholate. The control group received saline or the same number of SSEA-3(−)-non-Muse MSCs. Results: Edematous parameters, F4/80(+) macrophage infiltration and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling positivity was the lowest and the number of proliferating endogenous pancreatic progenitors (CK18(+)/Ki67(+) cells) the highest in the Muse group among the three groups, with statistical significance, at 72 h. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and quantitative polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that in vitro production of VEGF, HGF, IGF-1, and MMP-2, which are relevant to tissue protection, anti-inflammation, and anti-fibrosis, were higher in Muse cells than in non-Muse MSCs, particularly when cells were cultured in SAP mouse serum. Consistently, the pancreas of animals in the Muse group contained higher amounts of those factors according to Western blotting at 18 h than that in the non-Muse MSCs and control groups. Conclusions: Intravenous injection of human Muse cells was suggested to be effective for attenuating edema, inflammation and apoptosis in the acute phase of SAP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgery today
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cell therapy
  • Edema
  • Intravenous injection
  • Muse cells
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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