Intratumoural expression of thymidylate synthase is an independent predictor of prognosis in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue: Results from a retrospective study

Kenji Kawano, S. Yanagisawa, J. Kusukawa, H. Sunagawa, R. Shiba, M. Goto, M. Shinohara, J. Fukuda, M. Oishi, K. Ikemura, T. Takahashi, K. Sugihara, T. Inokuchi, T. Mimura, H. Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the importance of immunohistochemical thymidylate synthase (TS) expression level as a prognostic marker in tongue cancer patients. In 140 patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tongue, intratumoural TS expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The level of TS expression was determined by a semiquantitative scoring system, ranging from 1+ to 3+ according to the ratio of TS-positive cells. Of 140 patients, 64 (45.7%), 49 (35.0%) and 27 (19.3%) were assessed as 1+, 2+ and 3+, respectively. Univariate analyses demonstrated that both disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly lower in patients with a TS 3+ tumour than in those with a TS 1+/2+ tumour (DFS: P 0.0100). In a multivariate analysis using the Cox regression model, cervical lymph-node status and TS expression level were selected as independent factors for DFS and OS. Maintenance adjuvant chemotherapy by oral 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) significantly improved DFS and OS in patients with a TS 1+/2+ tumour (DFS: P = 0.0027, OS: P = 0.0398). These data suggest that the level of immunohistochemical TS expression is an independent prognosticator in patients with tongue SCC, and may be useful in the selection of patients who would benefit from oral 5-FU adjuvant chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-264
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Prognosis
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Thymidylate synthase
  • Tongue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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