Intraradical hyphae phosphatase of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Gigaspora margarita

T. Kojima, M. Hayatsu, M. Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An alkaline phosphatase in the intraradical hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi was found to be closely related to an improvement of plant growth. To detect the phosphatase activity in a crude extract of mycorrhizal roots, phosphatase isozymes in mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal onion roots were compared with those in Gigaspora margarita by electrophoresis. A mycorrhiza-specific band was found when the phosphatase was stained under alkaline conditions. To clarify the origin of this phosphatase, the phosphatase extracted from intraradical hyphae was also compared with the phosphatase from mycorrhizal roots by electrophoresis. The intraradical hyphae was isolated from mycorrhizal roots by enzyme digestion followed by Percoll gradient centrifugation. The soluble protein was extracted from the hyphae by ultra-sonication after treatment with chitinase. A phosphatase in the hyphal soluble protein showed a similar, but slightly higher, relative mobility on the gel, compared with the mycorrhiza-specific phosphatase from roots. By adding the hyphal extract to the root extract, the relative mobility of the mycorrhiza-specific phosphatase was slightly changed and became identical to that of the phosphatase in the hyphae. This indicated that the specific band of phosphatase found in the crude extract from mycorrhizal roots was of intraradical hyphal origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-335
Number of pages5
JournalBiology and Fertility of Soils
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Mar

Keywords

  • Gigaspora margarita
  • Intraradical hyphae
  • Mycorrhiza-specific phosphatase
  • Onion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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