The objective of this study was to evaluate intraoperative hypothermia as a predictor of complication and prognosis in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy.The data of 124 patients treated with radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer in our department, from 2003 to 2016, were retrospectively collected. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the lowest intraoperative deep body temperature, that is, the hypothermia group (<96.8°F) and the normothermia group (≥96.8°F). Preoperative and intraoperative variables were compared among the 2 groups, and factors associated with complications, recurrences, and survivals were analyzed.Sixty-eight (54.8%) of the 124 patients presented intraoperative hypothermia. There was no significant difference in the patient's characteristics between the 2 groups. Postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo ≤III) of any types occurred in 15 patients (22.1%) in the hypothermia group, as compared with 8 patients (14.3%) in the normothermia group (P = .27). The hypothermia group had a higher pathologic stage (P = .029) and a higher recurrence rate within 12 months (P = .013), as compared with the normothermia group. Intraoperative hypothermia was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in all patients (hazard ratio [HR] 2.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-2.85; P = .047). When stratified by disease stage, stage II intraoperative hypothermia was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival (HR 3.35; 95% CI, 1.27-8.83; P = .015) and overall survival (HR 4.24; 95% CI, 1.38-12.9; P = .011).This study suggests that intraoperative hypothermia could be a significant predictor for recurrence and survival in muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy.
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