Interplate coupling in and around the rupture area of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake (M9.0) before its occurrence based on terrestrial and seafloor geodetic observations

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Abstract

In this study, we investigated the state of interplate coupling between the subducting Pacific plate and continental plate around the rupture area of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake (M9.0) based on seafloor geodetic data as well as terrestrial GPS data obtained before the M9 earthquake in order to evaluate the potential for further seismic activity from the viewpoint of the slip deficit budget balance. Due to the difference between the site spatial densities on land and the seafloor observation networks, it was necessary to utilize a covariance matrix with non-zero off-diagonal components in the inversion to estimate the interplate coupling distribution on the plate interface and to account for the correlations among the observation errors for components and stations. We validated the implementation of the assumed covariance matrix by performing a computational test and we then applied the method to actual geodetic data obtained before the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake. The results demonstrate the persistence of the interplate coupling in the area of a very large coseismic slip near the Japan Trench.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH) - Proceedings of the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH)
EditorsManabu Hashimoto
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages11-18
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783319397672
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventProceedings of the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards, GENAH 2014 - Matsushima, Japan
Duration: 2014 Jul 222014 Jul 26

Publication series

NameInternational Association of Geodesy Symposia
Volume145
ISSN (Print)0939-9585

Other

OtherProceedings of the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards, GENAH 2014
CountryJapan
CityMatsushima
Period14/7/2214/7/26

Keywords

  • 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
  • Acoustic ranging
  • Covariance
  • GPS
  • Interplate coupling
  • Seafloor geodesy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Geophysics

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    Iinuma, T., Hino, R., Kido, M., Ohta, Y., & Miura, S. (2017). Interplate coupling in and around the rupture area of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake (M9.0) before its occurrence based on terrestrial and seafloor geodetic observations. In M. Hashimoto (Ed.), International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH) - Proceedings of the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH) (pp. 11-18). (International Association of Geodesy Symposia; Vol. 145). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/1345_2015_48