International standardization of diagnostic criteria for vasospastic angina

John F. Beltrame, Filippo Crea, Juan Carlos Kaski, Hisao Ogawa, Peter Ong, Udo Sechtem, Hiroaki Shimokawa, C. Noel Bairey Merz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

209 Citations (Scopus)


The Coronary Vasomotion Disorders International Study Group (COVADIS) was established to develop international standards for the diagnostic criteria of coronary vasomotor disorders. The first symposium held on the 4-5 September 2013 addressed the criteria for vasospastic angina, which included the following (i) nitrate-responsive angina, (ii) transient ischaemic electrocardiogram changes, and (iii) documented coronary artery spasm. Adoption of these diagnostic criteria will improve the clinical diagnosis of this condition and facilitate research in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2565-2568
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1


  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary artery spasm
  • Ischaemic heart disease
  • Vasospastic angina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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