Internal Deformation of Lithosphere Beneath Central Tibet

Heng Zhang, Dapeng Zhao, Junmeng Zhao, Zhaoguo Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We use a large number of high-quality P wave arrival time data recorded by the Hi-CLIMB project to determine a 3-D model of azimuthal anisotropy tomography beneath central Tibet. In the Himalayan block, variations of fast velocity orientation (FVO) are revealed from the crust to the upper mantle. In contrast, the FVO in the Lhasa block exhibits only a slight difference between the lower crust and upper mantle, reflecting a coherent deformation there. Different FVOs are revealed near the Bangong-Nujiang suture, which may reflect anisotropies in different parts of the underthrusting Indian plate. In the upper mantle beneath the Qiangtang block, a strong anisotropy is revealed in the shallower part, whereas a weak anisotropy appears in the deeper part, suggesting that a two-layer anisotropy model is applicable there. A layered lithosphere is detected in the eastern part of the Lhasa block, whereas a consistent FVO is revealed in its western part. Our results indicate that strong deformation has occurred in both the Indian and Eurasian lithospheres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7329-7342
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep


  • Tibetan Plateau
  • anisotropy tomography
  • coherent deformation
  • lithosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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