Interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA expression was investigated in human dental pulp fibroblast cultures after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) prepared from Prevotella intermedia and inflammatory cytokines. The expression of IL-8 mRNA and the release of IL-8 induced by P. intermedia LPS in pulpal fibroblast cultures were detected by Northern blot analysis and ELISA, respectively. The sufficient concentration of P. intermedia LPS on the IL-8 mRNA expression was 0.1 μg/ml in pulpal fibroblast cultures. IL-8 mRNA levels began to increase after 2 h of exposure, reached a maximum at 4 to 8 h, and declined after 48 h, reaching the unstimulated level by 60 h. IL-8 production by the pulpal fibroblasts began to increase after 8 h of exposure upon stimulation with 10 μg/ml of P. intermedia LPS. By contrast Salmonella LPS and synthetic lipid A did not increase IL-8 mRNA concentrations in pulpal fibroblast cultures. Recombinant human IL-1α, β, and tumor necrosis factor-α were capable of stimulating these cells to express IL-8 mRNA, but natural human interferon-β, γ, and recombinant human IL-6 were incapable in our assay. These results suggest that pulpal fibroblasts are immunoresponsive cells and can elaborate IL-8 upon stimulation with P. intermedia LPS.
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