Intergeneric translocation of floral stimulus across a graft in monoecious cucurbitaceae with special reference to the sex expression of flowers

Hideyuki Takahashi, Takashi Saito, Hiroshi Suge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of floral stimulus on flower sex expression in monoecious cucurbits was examined using a qualitative short-day plant, Sicyos angulatus L. Sicyos was induced to flower not only by grafting it onto a flower-induced plant of the same species but also by intergeneric grafting Onto the day-neutral plant Cucumis sativus L. or the quantitative short-day plant Luffa cylindrica Roem under noninductive long-day conditions. Sicyos plant grafted onto various cucumber varieties having different genetic backgrounds for their sex expression developed both staminate and pistillate inflorescences with similar sex expression. When the availability of floral stimulus was restricted as in the case of grafting of Sicyos onto young cucumber seedlings at the cotyledonary stage, most inflorescences appearing on the Sicyos were staminate ones. Pistillate flowers formed on the cucumber receptors substantially increased when they were grafted onto Sicyos donors which had a sufficient number of leaves induced by short-days as compared with those grafted onto noninduced ones. These results suggest that the availability of floral stimulus participates in the sex expression of flowers in Cucurbitaceae. Undeveloped pistillate inflorescences, which occasionally appear on Sicyos scion, flowered normally when N6-benzylaminopurine was directly applied to the inflorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Cucumber
  • Floral stimulus
  • Grafting
  • Luffa cylindrica
  • Sex expression
  • Sicyos angulatus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intergeneric translocation of floral stimulus across a graft in monoecious cucurbitaceae with special reference to the sex expression of flowers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this