Interferometric in-situ observation during nucleation and growth of WO 3 nanocrystals in vapor phase

Yuki Kimura, Hitoshi Miura, Katsuo Tsukamoto, Chaorong Li, Takao Maki

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11 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate the homogeneous nucleation and growth process of nanoparticles in vapor phase, interferometric observation was attempted for the first time to the gas evaporation method, which has been a commonly accepted physical production method of nanoparticles. Tungsten oxide was evaporated by electrical heating of a tungsten wire in a mixture gas of Ar and O2. WO3 nanoparticles were formed via homogeneous nucleation and growth during a gas cools following a thermal convection produced by the evaporation source. The degree of supersaturation for nucleation was extremely high, 6.6×106, which was determined from the interferogram. Surface free energy of WO3 at 1100 K was calculated based on the classical nucleation theory and was 1.38×103 erg cm-2, which is within the reported values. A part of the difference between actual formation rate of produced nanoparticles, which were determined based on a transmission electron microscope, and calculated values based on the classical nucleation theory were well explained if we adopt the idea of coalescence growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 1


  • A1. Nucleation
  • A2. Growth from vapor
  • B1. Nanomaterials
  • B1. Oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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