We have studied the anomalous Nernst effect (ANE) in [Fe3O4/Pt]-based heterostructures, by measuring the ANE-induced electric field with a magnetic field applied normal to the sample surface, in the perpendicular magnetized configuration, where only the ANE is expected. An ANE voltage is observed for [Fe3O4/Pt]nmultilayers, and we further investigated its origin by performing measurements in [Fe3O4/Pt/Fe3O4] trilayers as a function of the Pt thickness. Our results suggest the presence of an interface-induced ANE. Despite of this ANE, the spin Seebeck effect is the dominant mechanism for the transverse thermoelectric voltage in the in-plane magnetized configuration, accounting for about 70 % of the measured voltage in the multilayers.
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Sep 28|
ASJC Scopus subject areas