TY - JOUR

T1 - Interaction potentials and thermodynamics of small polar molecules. the case of C1-Freons (halomethanes)

AU - Del Río, F.

AU - McLure, I. A.

AU - Chávez, J.

AU - Ramos, J. E.

AU - Ávalos, E.

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (México) Project SEP-2003-43586. J. Chávez acknowledges support from the Sistema Nacional de Investigadores, México.

PY - 2006/11

Y1 - 2006/11

N2 - The recently proposed approximate nonconformal (ANC) theory has been very successful in determining effective interaction potentials for a large number of pure substances in the gaseous state: noble gases, homodiatomics, alkanes, perfluoroalkanes and some small polyatomic molecules, as well as many of their binary mixtures. ANC potentials are spherically symmetric Kihara-like functions involving an energy , a diameter and a form parameter s. In this work, we propose an effective-potential theory valid at finite densities. The basic assumption is that ANC potential functions represent effectively the thermodynamics of a substance over the isotropic fluid region given the appropriate state dependencies of , and s. The theory proposes a relation between the critical temperature of a substance and that is used here to predict effective potentials for the one-carbon Freons: CCl4, CCl3F, CCl2F2, CClF3, CHF3, CH2F2, CH3F, CH3Cl, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, CHClF2 and CHCl2F, a collection of small molecules that are all of similar geometry but varying degrees of polarity. As a test of the reliability of the theory the calculated second virial coefficients B(T ) are compared with experiment. For most of these substances, B(T ) is reproduced within experimental error. The relative contributions of the polar and nonpolar parts of the potential to the thermodynamics are discussed. The approach produces effective interactions and generalized Stockmayer potentials for this set of molecules to be used in predicting other thermodynamic properties.

AB - The recently proposed approximate nonconformal (ANC) theory has been very successful in determining effective interaction potentials for a large number of pure substances in the gaseous state: noble gases, homodiatomics, alkanes, perfluoroalkanes and some small polyatomic molecules, as well as many of their binary mixtures. ANC potentials are spherically symmetric Kihara-like functions involving an energy , a diameter and a form parameter s. In this work, we propose an effective-potential theory valid at finite densities. The basic assumption is that ANC potential functions represent effectively the thermodynamics of a substance over the isotropic fluid region given the appropriate state dependencies of , and s. The theory proposes a relation between the critical temperature of a substance and that is used here to predict effective potentials for the one-carbon Freons: CCl4, CCl3F, CCl2F2, CClF3, CHF3, CH2F2, CH3F, CH3Cl, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, CHClF2 and CHCl2F, a collection of small molecules that are all of similar geometry but varying degrees of polarity. As a test of the reliability of the theory the calculated second virial coefficients B(T ) are compared with experiment. For most of these substances, B(T ) is reproduced within experimental error. The relative contributions of the polar and nonpolar parts of the potential to the thermodynamics are discussed. The approach produces effective interactions and generalized Stockmayer potentials for this set of molecules to be used in predicting other thermodynamic properties.

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U2 - 10.1080/00268970601086722

DO - 10.1080/00268970601086722

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34547677203

VL - 104

SP - 3757

EP - 3775

JO - Molecular Physics

JF - Molecular Physics

SN - 0026-8976

IS - 22-24

ER -