We examined possible interactions between intrarenal angiotensin II (ANG II) formation and norepinephrine (NE) release during renal sympathetic nerve stimulation (RNS) in anesthetized dogs. During 10 min of continuous RNS (1.5- 2 Hz), the ANG II formation rates (ANG II-FR) and NE secretion rates (NE-SR) were determined at 1 and 10 min. Under control conditions, almost the same extent of increase in the NE-SR was observed at 1 and 10 min of RNS, whereas a significant increase in ANG II-FR was observed at 10 min but not at 1 min. During intrarenal arterial infusion of enalaprilat or losartan, the increase in NE-SR and reduction in renal blood flow at 10 min of RNS were suppressed, whereas the NE release and vasoconstriction responses at 1 min remained unaffected. The RNS-induced increases in ANG II-FR were completely abolished during infusion of enalaprilat. These results suggest that NE release on continuous RNS is enhanced by concomitantly formed ANG II, and this interaction, depends on the time-related changes in intrarenal ANG II formation during RNS in the canine kidney.
- Angiotensin II
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine