Intensity of hydrostimulation for the induction of root hydrotropism and its sensing by the root cap

Hideyuki Takahashi, T. K. SCOTT

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Roots of Pisum sativum L. and Zea mays L. were exposed to different moisture gradients established by placing both wet cheesecloth (hydrostimulant) and saturated aqueous solutions of various salts in a closed chamber. Atmospheric conditions with different relative humidity (RH) in a range between 98 and 86% RH were obtained at root level, 2 to 3mm from the water‐saturated hydrostimulant. Roots of Silver Queen corn placed vertically with the tips down curved sideways toward the hydrostimulant in response to approximately 94% RH but did not respond positively to RH higher than approximately 95%. The positive hydrotropic response increased linearly as RH was lowered from 95 to 90%. A maximum response was observed at RH between 90 and 86%. However, RH required for the induction of hydrotropism as well as the responsiveness differed among plant species used; gravitropically sensitive roots appeared to require a somewhat greater moisture gradient for the induction of hydrotropism. Decapped roots of corn failed to curve hydrotropically, suggesting the root cap as a major site of hydrosensing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Pisum sativum L.
  • Zea mays L.
  • ageotropum
  • corn
  • gravitropism
  • hydrosensing
  • hydrostimulation
  • hydrotropism
  • pea
  • root cap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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