Insufficient increase in bone mineral density testing rates and pharmacotherapy after hip and vertebral fracture: analysis of the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan

Shinichi Nakatoh, Kenji Fujimori, Shigeyuki Ishii, Junko Tamaki, Nobukazu Okimoto, Sumito Ogawa, Masayuki Iki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary: Test and treatment rates for osteoporosis in Japan aimed at preventing secondary fragility fractures were insufficient. Those who suffered hip fractures had approximately half the rates of those who suffered vertebral fractures, with such rates being lower among those over 80 years old and males. Purpose: The present study aimed to examine the care gap for secondary fracture prevention in Japan given the few large-scale studies regarding the matter. Methods: Changes in bone mineral density testing (test rate) and osteoporosis pharmacotherapy administration (treatment rate) rates before and after hip and vertebral fracture registration were examined using medical insurance data from the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan issued from April 2012 to March 2019. Results: The hip fracture group comprised 677,480 women and 264,003 men, the vertebral fracture group comprised 703,247 women and 251,542 men, and the mixed fracture group comprised 3614 women and 1055 men. Test rates were 14.1%, 25.3%, and 17.6% prior to fracture registration (pre-registration) and 22.3%, 43.6%, and 28.1% after fracture registration (post-registration) in the hip, vertebral, and mixed fracture groups, respectively. Moreover, pre-registration treatment rates were 21.2%, 33.5%, and 30.7%, while post-registration rates were 31.6%, 61.7%, and 46.6% in the hip, vertebral, and mixed fracture groups, respectively. All fracture groups showed a tendency for decreased post-registration test and treatment rates among those aged over 80 years old, with men having lower rates. Moreover, 184,180 (19.4% of whom received new treatment) and 707,263 (23.8% of whom received new treatment) patients with and without polypharmacy underwent treatment after registration, respectively. Conclusion: To bridge the care gap following fractures, medical professionals should change their perception regarding osteoporosis treatment in patients with hip fractures, elderly individuals undergoing polypharmacy, and males.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130
JournalArchives of Osteoporosis
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density testing
  • Care gap
  • Hip fracture
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Vertebral fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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