Instream release of dissolved organic matter from coarse and fine particulate organic matter of different origins

Chihiro Yoshimura, Manabu Fujii, Tatsuo Omura, Klement Tockner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM), produced through leaching from particulate organic matter (POM), is an essential component of the carbon cycle in streams. The present study investigated the instream DOM release from POM, varying in size and chemical quality. We produced large and medium sized fine particulate organic matter (L-FPOM, 250-500 μm; M-FPOM, 100-250 μm) of defined quality by feeding five types of coarse particulate organic matter (CPOM) to shredding amphipods (Gammarus spp.). Microscopic observations showed that L-FPOM and M-FPOM mainly consisted of the fecal pellets of amphipods, and incompletely eaten plant fragments, respectively. DOM release experiments were conducted by exposing CPOM and M- and L-FPOM fractions in natural stream water over a two week period. For CPOM, the release of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by leaching was highest during the first 6 h (3.64-23.9 mg C g C-1 h-1) and decreased rapidly afterwards. For M- and L-FPOM, the DOC release remained low during the entire study period (range: 0.008-0.15 mg C g C-1 h-1). Two-way ANOVA revealed that the DOC release rate significantly differed with POM source and size fraction, both at day 1 and after a week of exposure. Multiple regression analyses revealed a significant correlation of elemental contents and lignin content to DOC release rate after a week of exposure. Overall, the results indicated that DOC release rate of FPOM, on a carbon basis, is comparable to that of CPOM after leaching, while size and source of POM significantly affect DOC release rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-165
Number of pages15
JournalBiogeochemistry
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • CPOM
  • DOM
  • Decomposition
  • FPOM
  • Leaching
  • Microbial respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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