Insertion of pyridine into an iron-silicon bond and photochemical conversion of the insertion product Cp*(OC)Fe{η3(C,C,C)- C5H5NSiMe2NPh2} to a sandwich compound

Masatoshi Iwata, Masaaki Okazaki, Hiromi Tobita

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Irradiation of Cp*(OC)2FeSiMe2ERn (ERn = NPh2, NMe2, OMe) in the presence of pyridine affords Cp*(OC)(C5H5N)FeSiMe 2ERn, which are converted to Cp*(OC) Fe{η3(C,C,C)-C5H5NSiMe2ER n} upon mild heating via insertion of pyridine into the iron-silicon bond. This type of pyridine insertion does not proceed in the thermal reactions of Cp*(OC)(C5H5N)FeSiMe2R (R = Cl, Me) and the germanium analogues, Cp*(OC)(C5H5N) FeGeMe2ERn (ERn = NPh2, NMe 2, Me), even under more severe conditions. Treatment of Cp*(OC)(C5H5N)RuMe with HSiMe2NPh 2 at room temperature gives a 5:4 equilibrium mixture of Cp*(OC)(C5H5N)RuSiMe2NPh2 and Cp*(OC)HRu{κ2(Si,C)-SiMe2N(o-C 6H4)(Ph)}. Heating the mixture at 100°C does not afford an analogous insertion product, although the equilibrium is shifted to the side of the orthometalated compound. These results indicate that the insertion of pyridine is specific for the heteroatom-substituted silyliron(II) system. The insertion reaction is considered to proceed via the mechanism that involves the initial formation of an η2(N,C)-pyridine complex. Migratory insertion of pyridine into the iron-silicon bond accompanied by coordination of the terminal heteroatom then results in a congested transition state, leading to the formation of an η1-allyl intermediate, Cp*(OC)Fe-{κ2(C,E)-C5H5NSiMe 2ER2}. The formation of such a transition state is supported by kinetic analysis of the thermal conversion of Cp*(OC)(C 5H5N)FeSiMe2NPh2 to Cp*(OC)Fe{η3(C,C,C)-C5H5NSiMe 2NPh2}, giving activation parameters of ΔH* = 93(2) kJ mol-1, ΔS‡ = -53(6) J mol-1 K -1, and ΔG‡298 K = 109(3) kJ mol -1. The η3-allyl complex is finally formed through dissociation of the amino part. Irradiation of Cp*(OC) Fe{η3(C,C,C)-C5H5NSiMe2NPh 2} causes dissociation of a carbonyl ligand to produce a new type of sandwich compound, Cp*Fe(η5-C5H 5NSiMe2NPh2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6115-6124
Number of pages10
JournalOrganometallics
Volume25
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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