Innovative combination of electrolysis and Fe(II)-activated persulfate oxidation for improving the dewaterability of waste activated sludge

Guang Yin Zhen, Xue Qin Lu, Yu You Li, You Cai Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The feasibility of electrolysis integrated with Fe(II)-activated persulfate (S2O82-) oxidation to improve waste activated sludge (WAS) dewaterability was evaluated. The physicochemical properties (sludge volume (SV), total suspended solids (TSS) and volatile suspended solids (VSS)) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), including slime EPS, loosely bound EPS (LB-EPS) and tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS) were characterized to identify their exact roles in sludge dewatering. While dewaterability negatively corresponded to LB-EPS, TB-EPS, protein (PN) and polysaccharide (PS) in LB-EPS and TB-EPS, it was independent of SV, TSS, VSS, slime EPS and PN/PS. Further study through scanning electron microscope (SEM) verified the entrapment of bacterial cells by TB-EPS, protecting them against electrolysis disruption. Comparatively, electrolysis integrated with S2O82-/Fe(II) oxidation was able to effectively disrupt the protective barrier and crack the entrapped cells, releasing the water inside EPS and cells. Therefore, the destruction of both TB-EPS and cells is the fundamental reason for the enhanced dewaterability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-663
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May

Keywords

  • Dewaterability
  • Electrolysis
  • Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS)
  • Ultraviolet visible (UV-Vis) spectra
  • Waste activated sludge (WAS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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