Rationale and Objectives.: Currently available treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma are not satisfactory in terms of recurrence rates. In this study, we injected ethanolamine oleate (EO) into a portal branch in an attempt to cause necrosis of a liver segment in which hepatocellular carcinoma might be located. Methods.: Nine dogs received EO injections via a balloon catheter into a segmental portal branch of the liver. Results.: Immediately after injection, 80-100% of the liver cells in the EO-injected segment underwent coagulative necrosis. After 1 week, the EO-injected segment had become completely necrotic in two dogs. Only a few viable hepatocytes were still observed around the arteries and beneath the liver capsule in another dog. No pathologic changes were observed in the lungs, kidneys, or heart of any dog. There was a correlation between the EO dosages and the volume of the EO-injected liver tissue. Conclusion.: EO injection into a portal branch results in the pharmacologic destruction of the corresponding liver segment. This procedure may be beneficial in the treatment of hepatic malignancies.
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
- ethanolamine oleate
- pharmacologic segmentectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging