In order to confirm the formation of a tungsten fiberform nanostructure (W-fuzz) by helium plasma exposure in the large-sized plasma confinement device, the bulk tungsten with the size of 80 × 20 × 1.5 mm3 was inserted into the divertor leg position in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Then, it was exposed to the divertor plasma during the ultra-long pulse helium discharges with 10,190 s in total. The width of the divertor plasma, incident ion energy and total fluence were expected to be ∼2 cm, 100–200 eV and ∼5 × 1025 He/m2 (strike position), respectively. The surface temperature of the tungsten specimen was monitored by IR camera. The typical surface temperature of the divertor strike point was estimated to be around 1900 ∼ 2300 K. After the exposure, an initial growth phase of tungsten fiberform nanostructure (W-fuzz) was able to be identified on the tungsten surface. The finest initial growth phase of the W-fuzz structure was able to be identified on the central region of the divertor strike point, where retention amount of helium was estimated to be ∼8 × 1021 He/m2. This study is the first simultaneous evaluation of the W-fuzz growth and quantification of the helium retention in the large-sized plasma confinement device.
- Ion beam analysis
- TEM observation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Materials Science (miscellaneous)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering