The effects of the molecular weight of polymer powders, the ethyl alcohol content of the liquids, the type of plasticizer and the polymer powder/liquid ratio on viscoelastic properties during gelation of tissue conditioners were studied with an oscillating rheometer. The results showed that: The gelation time decreased exponentially with increases in molecular weight of the polymer powder and with powder/liquid ratio. There were linear relationships between the log of gelation time, and both the molecular weight of the polymer powder and the powder/liquid ratio. In general, gelation time decreased exponentially with increases in ethyl alcohol content. However, the relationship between the log of the gelation time and ethyl alcohol content fitted a second‐order polynomial. The type of plasticizer affected gelation time. The order of gelation times was: benzyl benzoate < dibutyl phthalate < butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate. The initial flow of tissue conditioners could be controlled over a wide range by varying the molecular weight of the polymer powders, the ethyl alcohol content, the powder/liquid ratio and the type of plasticizer.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of oral rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - 1993 Mar|
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