Inhibitory Effects of a Novel PPAR-γ Agonist MEKT1 on Pomc Expression/ACTH Secretion in AtT20 Cells

Rehana Parvin, Erika Noro, Akiko Saito-Hakoda, Hiroki Shimada, Susumu Suzuki, Kyoko Shimizu, Hiroyuki Miyachi, Atsushi Yokoyama, Akira Sugawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Although therapeutic effects of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonists rosiglitazone and pioglitazone against Cushing's disease have been reported, their effects are still controversial and inconsistent. We therefore examined the effects of a novel PPAR-γ agonist, MEKT1, on Pomc expression/ACTH secretion using murine corticotroph-derived AtT20 cells and compared its effects with those of rosiglitazone and pioglitazone. AtT20 cells were treated with either 1 nM10 μM MEKT1, rosiglitazone, or pioglitazone for 24 hours. Thereafter, their effects on proopiomelanocortin gene (Pomc) mRNA expression were studied by qPCR and the Pomc promoter (-703/+58) activity was demonstrated by luciferase assay. Pomc mRNA expression and promoter activity were significantly inhibited by MEKT1 at 10 μM compared to rosiglitazone and pioglitazone. SiRNA-mediated PPAR-γ knockdown significantly abrogated MEKT1-mediated Pomc mRNA suppression. ACTH secretion from AtT20 cells was also significantly inhibited by MEKT1. Deletion/point mutant analyses of Pomc promoter indicated that the MEKT1-mediated suppression was mediated via NurRE, TpitRE, and NBRE at-404/-383,-316/-309, and-69/-63, respectively. Moreover, MEKT1 significantly suppressed Nur77, Nurr1, and Tpit mRNA expression. MEKT1 also was demonstrated to inhibit the protein-DNA interaction of Nur77/Nurr1-NurRE, Tpit-TpitRE, and Nur77-NBRE by ChIP assay. Taken together, it is suggested that MEKT1 could be a novel therapeutic medication for Cushing's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5346272
JournalPPAR Research
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Inhibitory Effects of a Novel PPAR-γ Agonist MEKT1 on Pomc Expression/ACTH Secretion in AtT20 Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this