Inhibitory effect of curcumin on uterine leiomyoma cell proliferation

Kenji Tsuiji, Takashi Takeda, Bin Li, Atsuko Wakabayashi, Akiko Kondo, Tadashi Kimura, Nobuo Yaegashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. Uterine leiomyomas are the most common gynaecological benign tumour and greatly affect reproductive health and wellbeing. They are the predominant indication for hysterectomy in premenopausal women. Curcumin, a well-known component of turmeric, has been reported to prevent various diseases such as cancer, diabetes and obesity. Previous study reported that curcumin represses the proliferation of several tumour cells. However, there has not been a precise characterisation of the curcumin-induced inhibition of uterine leiomyoma cells. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of curcumin on leiomyoma cells proliferation. Study design. Eker rat-derived uterine leiomyoma cell lines (ELT-3 cells) were used. Cell proliferation was assessed by counting the number of cells and MTS assay. The activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) was evaluated by luciferase assay. Results. We found that curcumin significantly inhibited ELT-3 cell proliferation. PPARγ was expressed in ELT-3 cells and curcumin acted as a PPARγ ligand. This inhibitory effect of curcumin was attenuated by the treatment of cells with PPARγ antagonist. Conclusion. These experimental findings in vitro show that the inhibitory effect of curcumin on ELT-3 cell proliferation occurs through the activation of PPARγ. Curcumin may be useful as an alternative therapy for uterine leiomyoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-517
Number of pages6
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul

Keywords

  • Curcumin
  • PPARg
  • apoptosis
  • uterine leiomyoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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