Inhibition of veratridine-induced delayed inactivation of the voltage-sensitive sodium channel by synthetic analogs of crambescin B

Tadaaki Tsukamoto, Yukie Chiba, Atsuo Nakazaki, Yuki Ishikawa, Yoshiki Nakane, Yuko Cho, Mari Yotsu-Yamashita, Toshio Nishikawa, Minoru Wakamori, Keiichi Konoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crambescin B carboxylic acid, a synthetic analog of crambescin B, was recently found to inhibit the voltage-sensitive sodium channels (VSSC) in a cell-based assay using neuroblastoma Neuro 2A cells. In the present study, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were conducted with three heterologously expressed VSSC subtypes, Nav1.2, Nav1.6 and Nav1.7, in a human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293T to further characterize the inhibition of VSSC by crambescin B carboxylic acid. Contrary to the previous observation, crambescin B carboxylic acid did not inhibit peak current evoked by depolarization from the holding potential of −100 mV to the test potential of −10 mV in the absence or presence of veratridine (VTD). In the presence of VTD, however, crambescin B carboxylic acid diminished VTD-induced sustained and tail currents through the three VSSC subtypes in a dose-dependent manner, whereas TTX inhibited both the peak current and the VTD-induced sustained and tail currents through all subtypes of VSSC tested. We thus concluded that crambescin B carboxylic acid does not block VSSC in a similar manner to TTX but modulate the action of VTD, thereby causing an apparent block of VSSC in the cell-based assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1251
Number of pages5
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Crambescin B
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Veratridine
  • Voltage-sensitive sodium channels
  • Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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