Infrared spectroscopic study of water in mesoporous silica under supercritical conditions

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Abstract

The structure of water under high temperature- pressure conditions in mesospace was investigated by measuring the infrared spectra of water in mesoporous silica. Absorption peaks attributed to OH-stretching vibration of water in mesoporous silica were detected at lower wavenumbers as compared with bulk water, and the absorption peak positions were dependent on pore diameter. For small pore diameters (3-20 nm), absorption peak positions of water were detected at lower wavenumbers (ca. 3,300 cm -1) at 400 °C, while for larger pore diameters (30-50 nm) the peaks were detected at higher wavenumbers (ca. 3,500 cm -1). We attribute these features to the effects of mesoporous silica surface structure on the structural and vibrational modes of water. Furthermore, absorption peak positions changed significantly at different pore sizes (20 and 30 nm), indicating that the structure of water in small pores approaches a more ice-like structure. Based on our experimental results, the structured water layer in mesoporous silica is estimated to be at least 10 nm thick, which is thicker than that previously documented in molecular dynamic simulation studies where the thickness of structured water was found to be two or three layers from the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7971-7977
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume47
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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