In this work, the effect of welding temperature on material flow during friction stir welding (FSW) of AZ31 magnesium alloy was examined. To this end, FSW was conducted in the temperature range of 0.65-0.85 Tm (Tm is the melting point) and sample-scale EBSD mapping was employed to characterize texture distribution. Despite that the low-temperature welds contained macro-scale defects (which presumably affected material flow), several important observations were made. In the entire temperature range, the global material motion was shown to consist of two principal components, viz. shoulder-induced flow and probe-induced flow. In some cases, however, a synergetic effect of these two constituents resulted in transitional orientation of macro-scale shear plane thus giving rise to a transitional material flow. During low-temperature FSW, the global material transportation was dominated by the probe. However, the contribution of the shoulder and transitional components was found to increase with welding temperature. This effect was attributed to the dominant role of the shoulder in generation of FSW heat. Above ~ 0.8 Tm, however, the transitional material flow was found to abruptly disappear. This result was associated with reduction of temperature sensitivity of flow stresses and the resulting equilibration of their distribution within the stir zone.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys