Supercooling behavior in the thermally induced first-order transition from the paramagnetic (P) to ferromagnetic (F) phase is clarified for La(Fe 0.88Si0.12)13. The degree of supercooling is about 0.17 K at a cooling rate of -3.0 mK/s and exhibits a slight increase against the cooling rate, indicating the heterogeneous nucleation. On the other hand, the retaining time for the plateau-like behavior of the sample temperature after supercooling strongly depends on the cooling rate in inverse proportion. From these differences, the driving mechanism of the nucleation and growth of the F phase in the P matrix is elucidated. The influence of supercooling on the transition progress is also evaluated from the viewpoint of practical operation of a magnetic refrigerator.
- Itinerant electron metamagnetic transition
- latent heat
- magnetocaloric effect
- nucleation rate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering