Influence of Particle Size of Mg Powder on the Microstructure and Critical Currents of in Situ Powder-in-tube Processed MgB2 Wires

Hiroaki Kumakura, Shujun Ye, Akiyoshi Matsumoto, Ryuji Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We fabricated in situ powder-in-tube(PIT) MgB2 wires using three kinds of Mg powders with particle size of ∼45 mm, ∼150 mm and 212∼600 mm. Mg particles were elongated to filamentary structure in the wires during cold drawing process. Especially, long Mg filamentary structure was obtained for large Mg particle size of 212∼600 mm. Critical current density, Jc, increased with increasing Mg particle size for 1 mm diameter wires. This is due to the development of filamentary structure of high density MgB2 superconducting layer along the wires. This MgB2 structure is similar to that of the internal Mg diffusion (IMD) processed MgB2 wires. However, Jc of the wires fabricated with 212∼600 mm Mg particle size decreased and the scattering of Jc increased with decreasing wire diameter, while the Jc of the wires with ∼45 mm Mg particle was almost independent of the wire diameter.The cross sectional area reduction of the Mg particles during the wire drawing is smaller than that of thewire. When using large size Mg particle, the number ofMg filaments in the wire cross section is small. These two facts statistically lead to the larger scattering of Mg areal fraction in the wire cross section with proceeding of wire drawing process, resulting in smaller volume fraction of MgB2 in the wire and lower Jc with larger scattering along the wire. SiC nano powder addition is effective in increasing Jc for all Mg particle sizes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-456
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Critical current density
  • Filamentary structure
  • Magnesium di-boride
  • Magnesium powder
  • Packing density
  • Particle size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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