Influences of oxygen partial pressure, PO2 , of ambient atmosphere and temperature on surface tension and its temperature coefficient for molten iron were experimentally investigated by an oscillating droplet method using an electromagnetic levitation furnace. We successfully measured the surface tension of molten iron over a very wide temperature range of 780 K including undercooling condition in a well controlled PO2 atmosphere. When PO2 is fixed at 10-2 Pa at the inlet of the chamber, a "boomerang shape" temperature dependence of surface tension was experimentally observed; surface tension increased and then decreased with increasing temperature. The pure surface tension of molten iron was deduced from the negative temperature coefficient in the boomerang shape temperature dependence. When the surface tension was measured under the H 2-containing gas atmosphere, surface tension did not show a linear relationship against temperature. The temperature dependence of the surface tension shows anomalous kink at around 1850 K due to competition between the temperature dependence of PO2 and that of the equilibrium constant of oxygen adsorption.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)