Influence of gamma-ray irradiation on mechanical property of YSZ for oxygen sensors in ADS

N. Okubo, Y. Okuno, A. Kitamura, T. Taguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the accelerator driven system, oxygen sensors, on which yttria-stabilized-zirconia (YSZ) is used for the electrolyte, will be irradiated by gamma-ray in activated lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) adopted as a both coolant and spallation target. Partially stabilized zirconia, like a 3Y-YSZ, has high strength due to the stress induced phase transformation from tetragonal (T) to monoclinic (M) phase. The mechanical properties of YSZ specimens after gamma-ray irradiation, thermal aging and immersion in LBE have been investigated in terms of the fracture surface structure. In the case of 6Y and 8Y-YSZ, the 4-point bend strength did not change even after gamma-ray irradiation and thermal aging. The 3Y-YSZ, however, showed that the strength was decreased a little by the gamma-ray irradiation, thermal aging and also immersion in LBE. The XRD results indicate that in the case of 3Y-YSZ after the annealing and soaking in LBE, the pristine surface, which is not fractured and strained by bending test, shows M phase much more than the surface of as-received one. After surface polishing of 3Y-YSZ the XRD intensity of M phase increased with increasing gamma-ray dose for the pristine surface. The bend strength of irradiated 3Y-YSZ after polishing, however, did not change in this study. These results suggest that the process of gamma-ray irradiation and thermal process around 450 °C cause pre-phase transformation from T to M, which prevents the stress induced phase transformation previously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-202
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 15
Externally publishedYes


  • ADS
  • Gamma-ray irradiation
  • Oxygen sensor
  • Phase transformation
  • YSZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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