Influence of crystalline defects in Czochralski-grown Si multicrystal on minority carrier lifetime

Toshinori Taishi, Takeshi Hoshikawa, Muneyoshi Yamatani, Katsuhiko Shirasawa, Xinming Huang, Satoshi Uda, Keigo Hoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Si multicrystals have been grown by the Czochralski (CZ) method using commercially available semiconductor grade Si raw material (11N) and high purity silica crucibles for investigating the influence of crystalline defects such as grain boundaries including sub-grain-boundaries, and high-density dislocations on the minority carrier lifetime. The minority carrier lifetime in the CZ-Si multicrystal was compared with that in a CZ-Si single crystal, both with and without intentional Fe doping. It was found that the minority carrier lifetime in regions with high density of crystalline defects in the CZ-Si multicrystal decreased drastically to 1 μs from 8 μs, which was the value in the CZ-Si single crystal. Fe doping with a concentration of 3×1013 atoms/cm3 decreased the minority carrier lifetime to 2 μs in the CZ-Si single crystal. We therefore conclude that both crystalline defects and Fe doping play a very important role in the deterioration of the minority carrier lifetime, and the influence of the crystalline defects is more crucial by considering that the occurrence of crystalline defects in a multicrystal is an intrinsic problem whereas Fe contamination is an extrinsic one.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-457
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 15


  • A1. Defects
  • A1. Impurities
  • A2. Czochralski method
  • A2. Multicrystal growth
  • B2. Silicon
  • B3. Solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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