Influence of asymmetric wind stress curl on the general ocean circulation using an eddy-resolving quasi-geostrophic model

Tamaki Yasuda, Kimio Hanawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On the general ocean circulation forced by the asymmetric wind stress curl, the role of the eddies which are detached from the western boundary current is studied using an eddy-resolving two-layered quasi-geostrophic numerical model with free-slip boundary condition. An ideal sinusoidal function is used as the wind stress curl, and amplitude is assumed to be larger oser the southern basin than over the northern one. In contrast with the antisymmetric wind forcing, in the asymmetric wind stress case, the subtropical western boundary current overshoots to the north from the zero wind stress curl line. As the asymmetricity of the wind forcing becomes larger, the separation point of the time mean field is located further north. The eddies generated in the region of the subtropical recirculation are advected northward by the western boundary current and they are detached from subtropical gyre. The release of these eddies to the north basin leads to weaken the subtropical recirculation system. From the analysis of the potential vorticity budgets, in the asymmetric case, it is shown that detached eddies play an important role in transporting the negative vorticity which is excessively inputted into the southern basin, to the northern basin, in addition to the terms which transport vorticity in the antisymmetric case, i.e., the vorticity transport by the meander of the jet. Under the free-slip boundary, more than a quarter of that excess vorticity is transported by those detached eddies in some cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-206
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Apr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography

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