Influence of anti-hypertensive drugs on glomerular hemodynamics

Sadayoshi Ito, Keishi Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alterations in glomerular hemodynamics may play an important role in the progression of renal dysfunction. Accordingly, treating not only systemic hypertension, but also glomerular hypertension is important for conservation of renal function in patients with renal disease. However, glomerular capillary does not necessarily change in parallel with systemic blood pressure due to unique mechanisms that control the resistance of glomerular afferent and efferent arterioles. While myogenic response and tubuloglomerular feedback play an important role in controlling afferent arteriolar resistance, angiotensin II is a major determinant of efferent arteriolar tone. Calcium antagonists block almost all mechanisms that constrict the afferent arteriole, rendering glomerular capillary pressure dependent on systemic pressure. On the other hand, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors dilate efferent arterioles, thereby lowering glomerular capillary pressure. Such differences should be taken into account when selecting adequate drugs for the treatment of hypertension with various degrees of renal dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-118
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Nephrology
Volume38
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • angiotensin
  • calcium antagonist
  • juxtaglomerular apparatus
  • myogenic response
  • tubuloglomerular feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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