To investigate the influence of ionic/covalent interface of Al2O3/SiO2 gate insulator on the electrical properties of thin-film transistors (TFTs) with ionic Ga-In-Zn-O (GIZO) semiconducting channel layers, Al2O3 layers of different thickness were introduced between SiO2 and GIZO using plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition. The GIZO layers were obtained by DC magnetron sputtering using a GIZO target (Ga:In:Zn = 1:1:1 mol. %). The GIZO TFTs with an Al2O3/SiO2 gate insulator exhibited positive threshold voltage (Vth) shift (about 1.1 V), Vth hysteresis suppression (0.23 V), and electron mobility degradation (about 13%) compared with those of a GIZO TFT with SiO2 gate insulator by the influence of ionic/ionic and ionic/covalent interface at Al2O3/GIZO and Al2O3/SiO2, respectively. To clarify the origin of the positive Vth shift, the authors estimated the shifts of flatband voltage (0.4 V) due to the dipole and the fixed charge (-1.1 × 1011/cm2) at Al2O3/SiO2 interface, from capacitance-voltage data for Pt/Al2O3/SiO2/p-Si capacitors. Based on these experimental data, the authors found that the positive Vth shift (1.1 V) could be divided into three components: the dipole (-0.4 V) and fixed charge (0.15 V) at the SiO2/Al2O3 interface, and the fixed charge (1.35 V) at the Al2O3/GIZO interface. Finally, it is noted that heterointerface of SiO2/Al2O3/GIZO stacks is important not only to recognize mechanism of Vth shift but also to design future TFTs with high-k dielectrics and low operating voltage.
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Nov 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films