Induction of protein kinase Cζ-related protein kinase by growth suppression in carcinogen-initiated epidermal cell-line WYF31 cells

Kiyotaka Nishikawa, Junken Aoki, Satoshi Yamamoto, Hisamitsu Sameda, Hiroyasu Kudo, Haruna Nagumo, Jian Chun Wang, Yasuhiko Tsuzuki, Hiroyuki Arai, Keizo Inoue, Ryuichi Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In primary cultured mouse epidermal cells, protein kinase C isozyme ζ (PKCζ) consists of multiple forms, for example, low-salt eluted PKCζ (l- PKCζ; 79 and 85 kDa) and high-salt eluted PKCζ (h-PKCζ; 79 and 85 kDa) on anion-exchange column chromatography. In this study, biochemical and biophysical differences between l-PKCζ and h-PKCζ were examined by using carcinogen-initiated mouse epidermal cell-line WYF31 cells, whose growth is stimulated by tumour promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). The binding efficiency of h-PKCζ to anti-PKCζ antibody-affinity column was 10 times higher than that of l-PKCζ. T7-tagged rat PKCζ overexpressed in WYF31 cells was recovered only in the high-salt eluted area on the anion-exchange column. Furthermore, when rat PKCζ was stably overexpressed in WYF31 cells, the content of h-PKCζ increased 4 to 5 times compared to that of parental cells, but the content of l-PKCζ was not altered. All of these results indicate that h-PKCζ is the product of the PKCζ gene (referred to as PKCζ) and that l-PKCζ is closely related but different from PKCζ (referred to as PKCζ-related kinase). Interestingly, serum starvation of WYF31 cells caused a marked increase of the content of PKCζ-related kinase with a concomitant decrease of PKCζ content. These changes were reversed by stimulating the cell growth with 10% foetal calf serum. Prolonged treatment of starved cells with PMA, which induces the proliferation of WYF31 cells, also caused the downregulation of PKCζ-related kinase. These results suggest that the expression levels of PKCζ-related kinase and PKCζ are differently regulated, and that the increased expression of PKCζ-related kinase might play a significant role in the growth-suppression processes of WYF31 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Signalling
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Downregulation
  • Growth suppression
  • Initiated cell
  • Mouse epidermal cells
  • Overexpression
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein kinase Cζ
  • WYF31 cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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