Induction of p53-independent apoptosis associated with G2M arrest following DNA damage in human colon cancer cell lines

Daisaku Arita, Mariko Kambe, Chikashi Ishioka, Ryunosuke Kanamaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tumor suppressor p53 protein induces apoptosis in response to various kinds of DNA damage in normal cells, but it is still unclear whether or not apoptosis induced by DNA damage correlates with the p53 status in tumor cells. We determined the status of p53 by functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast in five human colon cancer cell lines, SW-480, SW-620, DLD-1, COLO320 and LS174T and investigated whether p53 is necessary for apoptosis and cell cycle arrest after treatment of the cells with a DNA-damaging agent, etoposide (VP-16), or γ-irradiation. Of these cell lines, only LS174T expresses a functional p53. Apoptosis was detected in SW-480 and COLO320 cell lines, but not in the other cell lines, including LS174T cell line with a normal p53 function. Furthermore, cell cycle analysis revealed accumulation in the G2M phase preceding induction of apoptosis in SW-480 and COLO320 cells, but not in the other cells. These results suggest that apoptotic induction by DNA damage is not necessarily related to p53 status and that induction of p53-independent apoptosis following DNA damage may correlate with G2M arrest in the cell cycle, at least in the colon cancer cell lines used in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Cancer Research
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • G2M arrest
  • Human colon cancer
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Induction of p53-independent apoptosis associated with G2M arrest following DNA damage in human colon cancer cell lines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this