Induction of intestinal IgA and IgG antibodies preventing adhesion of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli to Caco-2 cells by oral immunization with liposomes

Tana, S. Watarai, E. Isogai, K. Oguma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To examine the efficacy of liposome oral administration to induce systemic and mucosal immune responses against verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) and the effect of the induced antibodies on the binding of the bacteria to Caco-2 cells. Methods and Results: Mice were immunized orally with VTEC antigen and monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL)-containing liposomes composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, dipalmitoylphosphatidylserine and cholesterol (1:1:2, molar ratio) (PS-liposome). After immunization, significant IgA and IgG responses to VTEC were induced in both serum and the intestinal lavage fluid in all mice tested. Furthermore, anti-VTEC IgA and IgG antibodies in the lavage fluid effectively inhibited the adhesion of VTEC to Caco-2 cells. Conclusions: Oral immunization with liposome-associated E. coli O157:H7 antigen can induce significant systemic and mucosal antibody responses against the bacterial antigen and antibodies produced in the intestinal tract, thus functioning as inhibitors for preventing VTEC infection. Significance and Impact of the Study: Oral PS-liposome vaccines containing MPL have the potential usefulness for the induction of a protective mucosal immune response against intestinal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalLetters in Applied Microbiology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Mar 24

Keywords

  • Bacterial adherence
  • Escherichia coli
  • Liposomes
  • Mucosal immunity
  • Oral vaccine
  • Verotoxin-producing E. coli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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