Transforming growth factor-α(TGF-α), homologous to epidermal growth factor(EGF), is closely involved in hyperproliferation of human keratinocytes. Psoriasis is a common hyperproliferative skin disease characterized by hyperproliferation of keratinocytes and abnormal development of dermal capillary networks. In this study, we have examined whether keratinocytes could enhance angiogenesis. TGF-α or EGF efficiently stimulated formation of tubular-like structures of human omental microvascular endothelial(HOME) cells in type I collagen gels. Human keratinocytes produced TGF-α. To examine whether co-cultured keratinocytes could induce tubulogenesis of HOME cells in collagen gel, we have developed a co-culture system with human keratinocytes. Surprisingly, there appeared new development of many tubular-like structures of HOME cells in collagen gels when co-cultured with keratinocytes. This keratinocytes-dependent tubulogenesis was almost completely blocked when anti-TGF-α-antibody was present. The TGF-α molecules derived from keratinocytes appeared to enhance tubulogenesis of human microvascular endothelial cells. We propose the hypothesis that secretory TGF-α from human keratinocytes may promote an autocrine loop to proliferate the skin keratinocytes and also a paracrine loop to induce the skin angiogenesis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Dec 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology