Induction of human microvascular endothelial tubular morphogenesis by human keratinocytes: Involvement of transforming growth factor-α

Mayumi Ono, Kazuki Okamura, Yoshifumi Nakayama, Mika Tomita, Yasufumi Sato, Yasuhiro Komatsu, Michihiko Kuwano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-α(TGF-α), homologous to epidermal growth factor(EGF), is closely involved in hyperproliferation of human keratinocytes. Psoriasis is a common hyperproliferative skin disease characterized by hyperproliferation of keratinocytes and abnormal development of dermal capillary networks. In this study, we have examined whether keratinocytes could enhance angiogenesis. TGF-α or EGF efficiently stimulated formation of tubular-like structures of human omental microvascular endothelial(HOME) cells in type I collagen gels. Human keratinocytes produced TGF-α. To examine whether co-cultured keratinocytes could induce tubulogenesis of HOME cells in collagen gel, we have developed a co-culture system with human keratinocytes. Surprisingly, there appeared new development of many tubular-like structures of HOME cells in collagen gels when co-cultured with keratinocytes. This keratinocytes-dependent tubulogenesis was almost completely blocked when anti-TGF-α-antibody was present. The TGF-α molecules derived from keratinocytes appeared to enhance tubulogenesis of human microvascular endothelial cells. We propose the hypothesis that secretory TGF-α from human keratinocytes may promote an autocrine loop to proliferate the skin keratinocytes and also a paracrine loop to induce the skin angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-609
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume189
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Dec 15
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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