Induction of general anesthesia in pediatric patients

Chiharu Ota, Akihiro Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The induction of general anesthesia is one of the most stressful procedures during the perioperative period for pediatric patients. Postoperative negative behavioral changes, such as nightmares or separation anxiety are reported in the children undergoing general anesthesia. To avoid these problems, the anesthesiologists have to pay more attention to the psychological needs of young patients as well as the technical aspects. Preoperative interview is important to identify the child who has extreme fear and anxiety. Premedication with sedatives and psychological preparation are effective for the smooth induction. In this article, preparation for the induction and practical skills of the induction in children, newborns, as well as patients with difficult airway and with full stomach are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-525
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Volume56
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anesthesia induction
  • Difficult airway
  • Full stomach
  • Pre-medication
  • Preparation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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