The present study was designed to investigate the mechanisms responsible for suppressed T-cell immunity in gastric cancer patients. The peripheral blood T-cell functions in gastric cancer patients were evaluated by measuring responses to PHA and IL-2, and T-cell subpopulations were assessed by flow cytometry. Both the PHA and IL-2 responses decreased in patients with gastric cancer, although the proportions of CD3+ and CD25+ cells were the same for gastric cancer patients and healthy volunteers. The PHA response, but not that of IL-2, was lower in patients with liver metastasis or peritoneal dissemination than in patients without these conditions. Single regression analysis showed that with lymph node involvement in the disease the IL-2 response was more strongly suppressed than PHA response. The serum level of IAP did not correlate with the response to either PHA or IL-2. The proportion of CD4+ cells was not affected by any factor related to gastric cancer, although CD4+/CD8+ and CD8+11b-/CD8+11b+ ratios did decrease in patients with distant lymph node involvement. These changes may be due to a comparative increase in suppressor cells. These results suggest that gastric cancer patients exhibit impaired IL-2 mediated T-cell function and that the number of suppressor cells may increase with progressive lymph node involvement. These two serial effects may be indeed responsible for the impaired blood T-cell function in patients with gastric cancer.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of clinical & laboratory immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1990 Nov|
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