Advanced glyco-oxidation end products (AGEs) generate oxygen free radicals that potentiate the development of atherosclerosis. Thus, AGEs may potentiate the aggregation of human platelets through oxidative stress. AGE-bovine serum albumin (BSA) and AGE-poly-L-lysine were evaluated for aggregation of human platelets. Superoxide in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was measured using lucigenin-derived chemiluminescence. The platelet aggregation induced by ADP or U46619 was potentiated by preincubation with AGE-BSA, by 40% and by 59%, P < .05, respectively, vs BSA. Aggregation was increased by AGEs in a dose-dependent manner. The production of superoxide was significantly greater in PRP incubated with AGE-BSA vs BSA. The other Maillard reaction products, such as Amadori-, pentosidine-, and carboxymethyl lysine (CML)-BSA had no effect. Superoxide dismutase or indomethacin abolished the enhancing effect of AGEs on the platelet aggregation. AGEs potentiate platelet aggregation possibly with superoxide anions and prostanoids. AGE-induced potentiation of platelet aggregation may be involved in the development of atherosclerosis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Jul 20|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology