Increase of CGRP-containing nerve fibers in the rat periodontal ligament after luxation

Tessei Nagayama, Masahiro Seiryu, Toru Deguchi, Mitsuhiro Kano, Toshihiko Suzuki, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Ichikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was examined in the periodontal ligament (PDL) after experimental luxation injury of the rat first molar tooth. The luxational injury increased the number of CGRP-immunoreactive (IR) nerve fibers. At 3-7 days, numerous CGRP-IR nerve fibers appeared throughout the injured PDL. These nerve fibers terminated as free nerve endings within resorption cavities. Immunohistochemistry for receptor activity modifying protein 1 (RAMP1) also demonstrated that the subunit of CGRP receptor was expressed by periodontal cells adjacent to the alveolar bone in the intact and injured PDL. RAMP1-IR cells were divided into two types; small cells with single nucleus and large cells with 2-6 nuclei. After the luxational injury, both types of RAMP1-IR cells abundantly appeared within resorption cavities. As a result, the treatment increased the number of large RAMP1-IR cells at 3-7 days and small RAMP1-IR cells at 7 days. In addition, a double immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated that CGRP-IR nerve fibers were seen away from RAMP1-IR cells in the intact PDL. After the traumatic injury, however, CGRP-IR nerve fibers appeared in the close vicinity of small and large RAMP1-IR cells at 5-7 days. The morphology and distribution of RAMP1-IR cells suggest that they contain osteoblasts and osteoclasts. By affecting osteoclasts and osteoblasts, CGRP may have effects on bone remodeling in the luxated PDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-397
Number of pages7
JournalCellular and molecular neurobiology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Luxation
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Rat
  • Receptor activity modifying protein 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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