Incidence of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization in Japanese hospitalized cases did not increase whereas concern factors were exacerbated in a time-dependent manner: Analysis of Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) data

Sayuri Nonaka, Megumi Hara, Susumu Fujii, Shigeki Morita, Eisaburo Sueoka, Koichi Node, Kazuma Fujimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed i) to investigate about items with high relevance for aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization among cases evaluated using Diagnosis Procedure Combination data, and ii) to determine whether the concern factors for aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization were exacerbated with the trend of the time. The Diagnosis Procedure Combination data were gathered from 2010 through to 2015 with 63,390 cases at Saga University Hospital. The occurrence of concern factors of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization were compared in the two time periods set (2010-2012 and 2013-2015). The concern factors included: male, age, dysphagia at admission and during hospitalization, use and days in the emergency care unit or high care unit, use of the intensive care unit, and use of an ambulance. Age, dysphagia, and use of the intensive care unit were time-dependently exacerbated. The incidence of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization in hospitalized cases did not differ between years 2010-2012 and 2013-2015. Aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization complicated with surgery and number days in the emergency care unit or high care unit diminished in years 2013-2015. Despite an increased concern of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization, the complication rate of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization did not increase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activities of daily livingaspiration pneumonia
  • Age concern factors
  • Diagnosis procedure combination/per-diem payment system
  • Dysphagia
  • Dysphagia
  • Hospitalized cases
  • Male

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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