In vivo administration of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (Pg- LPS) to mice induced apoptosis before a specific immune response. Apoptosis was associated with the expression of immunoglobulin and Ia on B cells and of CD5 and several markers on T cells. Apoptosis peaked in the spleen and lymph nodes on day 2, and the second peak occurred in the thymus on day 9. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) could mediate apoptosis, because the serum TNF-α levels were significantly higher than those of controls at 1 day before apoptosis and recombinant murine TNF-α induced apoptosis. The apoptosis induced by Pg-LPS was similar to that induced by Escherichia coli LPS in its basic manner, but it was unique in the response of thymus T cells. It was suggested that Pg-LPS could induce apoptosis for the elimination of early nonspecific activated lymphocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases