We have developed crosslinked salmon-derived atelocollagen (SC) sponge, which has a denaturation temperature of 47°C. Sixty-four knees of 32 mature rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups after creating an osteochondral defect in the femoral trochlea. Defects in Groups I, II, and III were filled with the crosslinked SC sponge, the crosslinked porcine collagen (PC) sponge, and the non-crosslinked PC sponge, respectively. In Group IV, defects were left untreated as the control. At 12 weeks after implantation, the histological score showed that Group I was significantly greater than Groups III (P = 0.0196) and IV (P = 0.0021). In addition, gene expression of type-2 collagen, aggrecan, and SOX9 was the greatest in Group I at 12 weeks. The fundamental in vivo properties of the crosslinked SC sponge showed that this is a promising biomaterial, specifically as a scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Feb|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering