In vitro biocompatibility of Ti-Mg alloys fabricated by direct current magnetron sputtering

Junko Hieda, Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Ken Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ti-xMg (x = 17, 33, and 55 mass%) alloy films, which cannot be prepared by conventional melting processes owing to the absence of a solid-solution phase in the phase diagram, were prepared by direct current magnetron sputtering in order to investigate their biocompatibility. Ti and Mg films were also prepared by the same process for comparison. The crystal structures were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and the surfaces were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The Ti, Ti-xMg alloy, and Mg films were immersed in a 0.9% NaCl solution at 310 K for 7 d to evaluate the dissolution amounts of Ti and Mg. In addition, to evaluate the formation ability of calcium phosphate in vitro, the Ti, Ti-xMg alloy, and Mg films were immersed in Hanks' solution at 310 K for 30 d. Ti and Mg form solid-solution alloys because the peaks attributed to pure Ti and Mg do not appear in the XRD patterns of any of the Ti-xMg alloy films. The surfaces of the Ti-17Mg alloy and Ti-33Mg alloy films contain Ti oxides and MgO, whereas MgO is the main component of the surface oxide of the Ti-55Mg alloy and Mg films. The dissolution amounts of Ti from all films are below or near the detection limit of inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy. On the other hand, the Ti-17Mg alloy, Ti-33Mg alloy, Ti-55Mg alloy, and Mg films exhibit Mg dissolution amounts of approximately 2.5, 1.4, 21, and 41 μg/cm2, respectively. The diffraction peaks attributed to calcium phosphate are present in the XRD patterns of the Ti-33Mg alloy, Ti-55Mg alloy, and Mg films after the immersion in Hanks' solution. Spherical calcium phosphate particles precipitate on the surface of the Ti-33Mg film. However, many cracks are observed in the Ti-55Mg film, and delamination of the film occurs after the immersion in Hanks' solution. The Mg film is dissolved in Hanks' solution and calcium phosphate particles precipitate on the glass substrate. Consequently, it is revealed that the Ti-33Mg alloy film evaluated in this study is suitable for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 21

Keywords

  • Biomedical application
  • Dissolution amount
  • Hard-tissue compatibility
  • Magnetron sputtering
  • Ti-Mg alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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