In Situ Spectroscopic Investigations of Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions in Cyclic Carbonate Electrolyte Solutions

Qiling Peng, Yu Qiao, Koki Kannari, Aimin Ge, Ken Ichi Inoue, Shen Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stability of the electrolyte solution toward superoxide radical ions (O2-) presents a particular challenge to the development of lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries. Electrochemical oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (ORR/OER) on the surfaces of two electrodes, a gold electrode and a well-defined graphene electrode, in cyclic carbonate solvents of propylene carbonate (PC) and ethylene carbonate (EC), have been systematically investigated using electrochemistry in combination with sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, in comparison with the typical aprotic solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), under in situ conditions. These measurements demonstrated that the cyclic carbonate solvents are unstable during the ORR. Neither O2- nor lithium peroxide (Li2O2) was found in these carbonate solutions during the ORR. Several ORR products of peroxodicarbonate (C2O62-) and lithium carbonate (Li2CO3) were observed on the electrode surface in the PC-based electrolyte solution, depending on whether or not the Li ion is included in the solution. The present comprehensive spectroscopic characterizations provide essential information for the reaction mechanism between the cyclic carbonates and O2- during the ORR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15781-15792
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume124
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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