In situ polymerization of molecular macroclusters on a silica surface: Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) nanofilms

Masashi Mizukami, Guolun Zhong, Li Zhang, Isao Fukuchi, Kazue Kurihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have found that alcohols, carboxylic acids, and amides self-assemble into a unique molecular architecture, a hydrogen-bonded molecular macrocluster, when they are selectively adsorbed onto silica (glass and oxidized silicon) surfaces in nonpolar solvents such as cyclohexane. In our previous study, this phenomenon could be successfully applied to fabricate molecularly flat and defect-free nanofilms of several tens of nanometers thickness. In this study, we prepared a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) [poly(NIPAAm)] film on the basis of in situ polymerization of a monomer macrocluster layer formed on silica surfaces and investigated how the molecular arrangement of the adsorbed NIPA Am monomers affects the efficiency of the polymerization of them. Poly(NIPA Am) films were prepared by the following two methods: (1) the one-solution method, the in situ photopolymerization of an NIPAAm monomer adsorption layer on silica in one solution (chloroform, cyclohexane, and toluene), and (2) the solution exchange method, adsorption of NIPAAm monomers onto a silica surface from NIPAAm (0.1 mol %) in chloroform, exhange of the solution to 0.005 mol% NIPAAm in cyclohexane, and then polymerization by UV irradiation. By the solution exchange method, molecularly flat, defect-free, and thermoresponsive films were obtained and the thickness could be controlled by the irradiation time, while only several nanometers thickness could be attained by the one-solution method. The structure of NIPAAm adsorption layers formed in each solution condition was characterized by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was revealed that only the solution exchange procedure induced the β-sheet-like adsorbed structure of NIPAAm in which the double bonds of neighboring NIPAAm monomers were closely located, which should have resulted in effective polymerization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12364-12368
Number of pages5
JournalLangmuir
Volume24
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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