In situ observation of oxygen deficiency occurring during electron irradiation in high Tc superconductor YBa2CU3Oy

Z. Akase, Y. Tomokiyo, M. Watanabe

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The decreasing process of oxygen in YBa2Cu3Oy is investigated through high resolution electron microscopy (HREM) and convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED). Measurements of the axial length in HREM images show that oxygen content y decreases faster near a twin boundary than at the inner part of a twin lamella. The transformation from an orthorhombic to a tetragonal phase starts at a twin boundary and the transformed region propagates to an inner region of lamella. Lattice strains are observed near boundaries between transformed and non-transformed regions. The transformation is almost complete within 30 s during observation of HREM images at 400 kV and at room temperature. A value of y was quantitatively measured by analysing observed intensities of energy-filtered CBED patterns with the dynamical theory. The value of y decreases from 6.9 to 6.5 when 200 kV electrons are irradiated for 160 s in a microscope at 108 K. More precise analysis of the intensities provides information on charge distribution along the c-axis as well as local oxygen content at a spatial resolution of several nanometres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-11
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Microscopy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Aug 6
Externally publishedYes


  • Convergent beam electron diffraction
  • Energy filtering
  • High T superconductor
  • High resolution electron microscopy
  • Oxygen deficiency
  • Phase transformation
  • Twin boundary
  • YBaCuO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology


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