In situ observation of crystallographic preferred orientation of deforming olivine at high pressure and high temperature

Tomohiro Ohuchi, Yu Nishihara, Yusuke Seto, Takaaki Kawazoe, Masayuki Nishi, Genta Maruyama, Mika Hashimoto, Yuji Higo, Ken ichi Funakoshi, Akio Suzuki, Takumi Kikegawa, Tetsuo Irifune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simple-shear deformation experiments on polycrystalline olivine and olivine single-crystal were conducted at pressures of 1.3-3.8. GPa and temperatures of 1223-1573. K to understand the achievement of steady-state fabric strength and the process of dynamic recrystallization. Development of crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) of olivine was evaluated from two-dimensional X-ray diffraction patterns, and shear strain was measured from X-ray radiographs. The steady-state fabric strength of the A-type fabric was achieved within total shear strain of γ= 2. At strains higher than γ= 1, an increase in concentration of the [0. 1. 0] axes mainly contributes to an increase in fabric strength. At strains higher than γ= 2, the magnitude of VSH/. VSV (i.e., ratio of horizontally and vertically polarized shear wave velocities) scarcely increased in most of the runs. The VSH/. VSV of peridotite (70. vol.% olivine. +. 30. vol.% minor phases) having the steady-state A-type olivine fabric coincides with that of recent global one-dimensional models under the assumption of horizontal flow, suggesting that the seismic anisotropy observed in the shallow upper mantle is mostly explained by the development of A-type olivine fabric. Experimental results on the deformation of single-crystal olivine showed that the CPO of olivine is influenced by the initial orientation of the starting single crystal because strain is concentrated in the recrystallized areas and the relic of the starting single crystal remains. In the upper mantle, the old CPO of olivine developed in the past may affect the olivine CPO developed in the present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume243
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Crystallographic preferred orientation
  • Fabric strength
  • In situ observation
  • Olivine
  • Seismic anisotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'In situ observation of crystallographic preferred orientation of deforming olivine at high pressure and high temperature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this